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Zimbabwe - Dollar
Zimbabwe BanknotesBanknotes are promissory notes, payable on demand, issued by a bank and intended to circulate as money.
The first banknotes in Southern Rhodesia (1895) were authorized by the Cape of Good Hope and printed in the territory in 1896 by the Argus Company for The Standard Bank.
The Marshall Hole Notes (cards with postage stamps) were used during the currency shortage of the Boer War (1899-1902). Commercial banknotes then became the legal tender from 1922 -1942. (The 'Rhodesian issue' of the Standard Bank of South Africa Ltd and Barclays Bank D.C. & O were the last commercial bank issues).
Currency notes then became the legal tender, issued by the Southern Rhodesian Currency Board from 1940, the Central Africa Currency Board from 1953 and the Bank of Rhodesia and Nyasaland from 1956 until 1965.
In 1964, the Reserve Bank of Rhodesia, the Bank of Zambia and the Reserve Bank of Malawi (as central banks) became individually responsible for their own countries' banknotes with a decimal currency being adopted in 1970 by the Reserve Bank of Rhodesia.
The Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe introduced a new series of banknotes at Independence in 1980.
Banknotes ranged from as small as 9.2 x 5.7cm to as large as 18.4 x 17.1cm. Colours included shades of green, brown, blue, red, purple and grey with images on the front and back of portraits of historic figures, significant scenes or flora and fauna of the country. The 10 shillings, 1 pound and 5 pounds denominations were added to in 1953 with the 10 pound note. These were replaced by the $1, $2, $5 and $10 notes in the 1970s and the $2, $5, $10 and $20 notes in the 1980s. 1994-1995 saw the $50 and $100 notes with a new design format, pastel colours and improved security and handling qualities.
Source: Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe
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